- The principle of segregation Mendel’s first law: Two members of a gene pair (alleles) segregate from each other in the formation of gametes. Half the number of gametes carries one allele, and the other half carries the other allele.
- The principle of independent assortment Mendel’s second law: Genes of different traits assort independently of each other in the formation of gametes.
Synonym: laws of Mendelian inheritance
RT: Mendelian inheritance non-Mendelian inheritance